Difference between SuperComputing and Quantum Computing

The world has been talking about the most efficient and fastest SuperComputing and Quantum Computing to accomplish the most complex problems. The new technology category has dramatically evolved in its intelligence that humans cannot reach. Now the principle of Quantum Mechanism is about to take over the face of computing with far better efficiency than any supercomputer in the world. The efficiency of a computer is calculated by the time taken against the energy required to solve a task.

What are Supercomputers?

Supercomputers are being used for providing national security and knowledge in scientific discovery. Supercomputers became more popular among businesses around the world following a decline in their cost in 1990. Supercomputing comprises large and concentrated computing resources – processors, memory, and storage systems to perform highly complex operations.

Running at a high compute to input/output ratio, supercomputers deliver a very large number of effective computing cycles per second. They are used to test mathematical models for complex designs such as nuclear weapons, reactors, chemical compounds, and cryptology.

What is a Quantum Computer

The quest for way faster performance than the most powerful supercomputers available today turned out in the advent of quantum computers. Quantum Computing applies the Quantum Mechanics law to perform calculations much faster than the largest and most powerful supercomputers. The system performs computation based on probability by using the quantum mechanics phenomena of superposition and entanglement. 

Tech giants, Google, IBM, and Microsoft have announced to be massively investing their resources in innovating Quantum Computing technology. In 2019 Google’s quantum Computer has made the headlines for taking only three minutes to perform a calculation that the most powerful supercomputers may not do in three days. There is a regard for exaggeration about the claims on the unrealistic timings of the technology’s performance far ahead of classical computers.

Difference between SuperComputing and Quantum Computing

Since supercomputers require huge amounts of man-hours and financial investments, this gave China an advantage in the industry. They own and operate almost half of the powerful supercomputers in the world. 

While China has the numbers, United States has the top two powerful supercomputers in the world, Summit and Sierra. The huge investment of up to 430 million dollars in supercomputer research is what helped them achieve success in the field of supercomputing. Summit and Sierra are 1.5 times faster and 0.75 times more energy-efficient than China’s TaihuLight.

TaihuLight, built with nearly $30 million less than its estimated budget, is the most cost-effective supercomputer in the world. 

SuperComputing and Quantum Computing : Comparison Chart

Supercomputing vs. Quantum Computin
SuperComputing and Quantum Computing

Whereas Japan has the most supercomputers that adhere to highly efficient performance. Four of their supercomputers are among the ten most efficient supercomputers in the world. The peak efficiency of their supercomputer A64FX is 2.09 GFLOPS/watt more than that of Summit’s.

But when comparing with Quantum computers even though the technology is still in progress it is far more energy-efficient than any supercomputer like Electra at Ames and the world’s most powerful supercomputer, Summit at Oak Ridge. With the application of new Quantum Algorithms, the technology will slowly but surely be able to achieve real-world acceleration of digital computation. The technology is expected to transform fields like cybersecurity, drug development, financial modeling, traffic optimization, weather forecasting, and artificial intelligence.

Quantum Computing is claimed to outperform supercomputers in solving problems that can be impossible by classical computation. The field has come a long way to being acknowledged for its application to the global economy, national security, and the research of physics and computer science. 

It is only in solving a purposefully designed complicated calculation that Google’s Quantum Computer, Sycamore has beaten supercomputers thus leading to ‘Quantum Primacy. The next target of scientists is to get a Quantum Computer to solve a real-world problem. With the leading tech giants in the world getting serious about technology, it is certain to soon reach further milestones.

But extremely cold temperatures are required for Quantum Computing as subatomic particles should be measured when they are as stationary as possible.

As Quantum mechanisms evolved through nature and support real-world functions on a subatomic level, Quantum Computing is often mentioned as ‘natural’. With the prediction, that technology brings huge transformation in the field of science and finance, not only tech giants but futuristic countries are invested in Quantum Computing.

In August 2021, the United Arab Emirate of Abu Dhabi in collaboration with Barcelona-based Qilimanjaro Quantum Tech set up its first Quantum Computer at the Technology Innovation Institute at Masdar City. Quantum Computing is able to process multiple possibilities at a time as it works on the quantum mechanics principles where matter exists in two states at a time.

The future developments in quantum technology will be a breakthrough in businesses and society to overcome the challenges in processing power. According to Microsoft CEO, Satya Nadella, the world is running out of computing capacity and Quantum Computing is needed to create rich experiences and artificial intelligence we talk about. Scientists in the field of Quantum Computing hint about a future where computers millions of times more efficient than any supercomputers can be built using quantum mechanisms.

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